9/11 Memorial e Museum

Who I am
Martí Micolau
@martimicolau
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Index

  • The facts of September 11th
  • Where the memorial and museum are located
  • Il 9/11 Memorial
  • The museum - 9/11 Museum
  • Il 9/11 Tribute Museum
  • Tickets and timetables
  • The memorials outside New York

The events of11 September 2001 they left an indelible mark in the history of the world and in the personal life of each of us.

The feeling of dismay in the face of one of the most serious terrorist attacks of the contemporary age and the emotion for the 2996 victims remains strong, despite almost twenty years have passed.



That is why, during a vacation in New York, it is natural to leave leisure for a while and find time to visit the 9/11 Memorial & Museum.

The complex includes an outdoor memorial with large square basins that replace the bases of the towers, open on 11 September 2011 on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the attacks, but also a museum dedicated to the memory of the victims.

There is also another museum, the 9/11 Tribute Museum, in business since 2006: this is a minor exhibition near the Memorial, also dedicated to the victims of 11 September.

Let's see everything there is to know about these attractions, how and when to visit them and what other memorial sites you can find outside New York.    

The facts of September 11th

The date of 11 September 2001 is now sadly known to all for the terrorist attacks carried out by the Islamic group of Al Qaeda. It was a coordinated attack on major civilian and military targets on American soil.



Two planes crashed into the so-called Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, causing it to collapse. A third plane hit the west wing of the Pentagon in Washington as a fourth plane crashed in Shanksville in Pennsylvania.

A total of 2.997 people lost their lives, including 343 firefighters, 72 policemen and 55 soldiers. Of these, only 1.600 victims have been identified with certainty.

The latest victim was recognized only in 2018, 17 years after the tragedy, and still today the nameless dead remain more than 1.100. The New York Forensic Institute is still working to name the approximately 22.000 human remains found after the attacks on the Twin Towers.  

For historical insights we advise you to read the article on 11/XNUMX on our website.

Soon after, the attacks took place so many demonstrations and vigils to honor the memory of the thousands of people who had lost their lives, and several were built in the following years celebratory monuments in New York and the rest of the country.

In 2003 he was promoted to a international competition for the construction of a memorial to the World Trade Center, right where the foundations of the towers once stood.

In 2004, the project involving the construction of great pools with artificial waterfalls, right inside the empty spaces left by the towers.


After the opening of the 9/11 memorial in 2011, it was the turn of the Memorial Museum, inaugurated in 2014 in the presence of the president Obama.


Where the memorial and museum are located

The Memorial and the Museum are located in Lower Manhattan, exactly on the site where the World Trade Center was located, at the address 180 Greenwich Street (Memorial Plaza).

Visitors can log in

  • at the intersection of Liberty Street and Greenwich Street;
  • at the intersection of Liberty Street and West Street;
  • at the intersection of West Street and Fulton Street.

You can also use the entrance to Fulton Street and Greenwich Street every day from 6.00 to 20.00.

The entire 9/11 memorial complex is located next to the Freedom Tower, the skyscraper that has practically "replaced" the two Twin Towers, the iconic symbol of New York City.

How to reach us

Reaching the 9/11 Memorial & Museum is simple: the futuristic station of the Path World Trade Center Transportation (signed by the famous architect Santiago Calatrava), develops below the memorial and is connected to the transport network of the New York subway.

Other nearby stops:

Fulton Street: linee A, C, J, 2, 3, 4, 5
Park Place: 2, 3
Cortlandt street: R


Il 9/11 Memorial

Il 9/11 memorial it is one of the most popular attractions for tourists who flock to the Big Apple every year. In fact, it has become the place of remembrance, in which it is possible to stop and reflect on the tragic events of 2001.

The memorial occupies an area of ​​eight acres and is immersed in a large green oasis where you can walk, naturally maintaining a discreet and silent attitude.


The complex was built according to the architect's project Michael Arad and the landscape architect Peter Walker who have won the international competition among over 5.000 participants from all over the world.

In the meantime, the National September 11 Memorial & Museum Foundation, a non-profit organization created with the aim of raising funds and funding to support the birth of the memorial and museum.

The tubs

The heart of the 9/11 Memorial consists of two huge artificial basins with a square plan in granite, which are located where the foundations of the Twin Towers stood.

Each tank measures 4.000 square meters, and together they morally symbolize the loss of human life and the physical void left by the terrorist attacks. Not by chance, the name of the memorial project is “Reflecting Absence”.

At the center of the basins there is an empty square that seems to have no bottom, where water flows incessantly.water, who remembers the tears shed for the tragedy but wants to be above all a symbol of hope and rebirth.

The sound of the water also has the function of covering the noises of the city, letting the atmosphere welcome visitors and make the place a sort of sanctuary in which to hold back to reflect.

The memorial is dedicated to all the victims of 11/XNUMX and to those too of the attack of February 26, 1993, in which a van bomb exploded inside the underground parking lot of the World Trade Center, killing 6 people and injuring more than 1000.

On the edges of the pools the names of the victims are engraved –Really many– and here and there, stuck on some name, you will see roses.

The names, however, are not arranged in a random order but have been entered following a specific algorithm which created a connection between them.

For example, the names of the people who were in the collapse at the time of the collapse Torre Nord and the passengers of the American Airlines plane that hit the building were inserted along the perimeter of the North Pool. The same was done for the South Tower and the passengers of the United Airlines plane, whose names have been carved around the South Pool.

Oak trees and the Survivor Tree

Around the tubs have been planted 400 oak trees white, symbol of strength, life and immortality.

Many come from a radius of about 800 kilometers from the former World Trade Center, while some come from other areas that were affected by the 11/XNUMX attacks: Pennsylvania and Maryland.

There is also a special tree, the Survivor Tree, in front of which visitors will gladly linger a moment longer. It is a pear tree that has resisted the terrorist attacks that hit the World Trade Center in 2001, by now symbol of rebirth.

It was almost completely found carbonized, with just a single branch still viable and little chance of survival. The tree had been planted far away 1970, in the near of Church Street and when he was rescued he was about 8 meters high.

He has been subjected to loving care by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreatione fortunately he recovered.

Only in 2010 it was brought back to its place of origin and has been ever since a living symbol of the 9/11 Memorial. Now 30 meters high, you can easily recognize it as it is surrounded at the base by a metal fence, on which flowers and messages are often left.

“The surviving tree“.

Il Memorial Glade

Near the Survivor Tree you can find a beautiful green clearing with stone monoliths, known as Memorial Glade. Inaugurated on May 24 of 2019, this area was built to commemorate all the rescuers who lost their lives following the 2001 attacks.

In fact, after the collapse of the Twin Towers, the rubble continued to produce fires for almost 100 days and what were rescue missions unfortunately turned into a macabre recovery of the bodies of those who did not survive.

Rescuers removed millions of tons of debris and in the effort were exposed for weeks to dust and toxic agents which have compromised their health.

Many of these people have fallen ill or died over the years: it is to remember their sacrifice that it was decided to establish the Memorial Glade.

The clearing is west of the Survivor Tree, where it once stood the main ramp which was used for recovery and rescue operations.  

It is a path flanked by 6 large stones inlaid with steel from the World Trade Center. The monoliths are accompanied by an inscription at the beginning and at the end of the path.

The museum - 9/11 Museum

As already mentioned, the 9/11 Memorial complex includes a museum dedicated to the remembrance of 11/XNUMX. The peculiarity is that it does not extend to the surface but it develops for about 20 meters underground, right there where once there were the foundations of the towers.

The visit is really touching for the rarefied and immobile atmosphere that you breathe, as if everything had stopped on that tragic day in 2001.

The museum is divided into multiple underground levels and to visit it will take some time because it is very large. Here is how it is composed and what are the main exhibitions and exhibitions not to be missed.

L'atrio con i tridenti

At the entrance there is a large atrium that welcomes the of Trent, two supporting steel columns about 25 meters high that belonged to the external facade of the north tower.

They are reddish to brown in color due to the fire that lasted for about a hundred days after the attack; at the level of the atrium terrace are the international flags, some of which are the originals that were found in the Twin Towers.

In this same area you can see one photography that immortalizes it New York skyline at 8:30 am on the morning of September 11, a day like many others that would change Americans' lives forever.

Foundation Hall

The Foundation Hall is the largest room in the museum and it can be seen here Slurry wall, a sort of retaining wall erected in 1966 to prevent Hudson River water from attacking the foundations of the World Trade Center during construction in the XNUMXs.

After the attack on the Towers, the wall remained incredibly intact and for this reason it became an emblem of resistance and hope.

Another element to admire is The Last Column which, as the name suggests, is the last steel column to be removed from Ground Zero. Symbol of rebirth and resilience, an official ceremony was held for its removal in 2002 and today it is covered with photos and colored writings left by rescuers and workers.   

Memorial Hall

This room straddles the perimeter footprints of the Twin Towers and on one of the walls you can see one large steel inscription recovered at the World Trade Center bearing the Virgil phrase "No Day Shall Erase You from the Memory of Time", that is no day will erase you from the memory of time.

The quote is one promise that the museum addresses to the victims of September 11, who will not be forgotten despite the inexorable passage of time.

Around the letters is the artist's artwork Spencer Finch, consisting of a mosaic made of blue paper panels which underline the magnitude of the disaster and its incalculable cost in human lives. 

Each of the 2.983 squares features a different shade of blue, one for each of the victims of the 2001 and 1993 attacks.

Behind the wall are the remains of the victims who, unfortunately, have not yet been identified today.

Spencer Finch's artwork and Virgil's phrase on one of the walls.

Survivors’ Stairs

The so-called "scale of survivors”Is an original structure that greatly strikes the attention and hearts of visitors. During the attacks it served as an escape route for hundreds of people from the 5 World Trade Center, a 9-story building adjacent to the towers.

Finding yourself in front of the staircase you will undoubtedly be led to identify with those who ran through it between despair and the hope of salvation.

"The stairs of the survivors".

Historical Exibition

This exhibition hall is located at the original base of the North Tower.

Numerous are exhibited here objects recovered from the rubble, from the fragments of the planes used for the attacks to the personal objects of the victims, and more concrete, beams and even a completely destroyed Fire Brigade truck, the Ladder 3.

Exposure, which also uses images and audio and video testimonials of those who experienced the tragedy firsthand, is divided into three parts that trace the history of the World Trade Center:

  1. The first part examines the importance of the WTC for New York and for all of America, and also takes into consideration the evolution of terrorism that led to the events of 11/XNUMX;
  2. The second part analyzes the day of the attack, specifying what happened on the hijacked aircraft on the Towers and the Pentagon, and highlighting the valiant intervention of the civilians who provided first aid;
  3. The third part focuses on what happened next: from the work of recovery and reconstruction through the work of volunteers and the public service, to the response to the guilty.
Ladder 3, a fire brigade truck recovered from the rubble.

Memorial Exibition

This room, of great visual and emotional impact, is located within the imprint of the South Tower. It is one of the most striking as the walls are covered up to the ceiling with photographs of the victims of the attacks on the World Trade Center.

The four walls represent a real glimpse into the lives of thousands of people of over 90 different nationalities and aged between 2 and 90 years.

It is a emotional journey through memory which, through touchscreen screens, allows you to know their history and character, above all thanks to the video contributions dedicated to them by relatives and friends.

Entering the daily life of the victims and perceiving on their own skin the emptiness they have left in the hearts of their loved ones, makes the passage in this room particularly moving.

Rebirth at Ground Zero

It is a multimedia installation created with 270-degree panoramas, by the director Jim Whitaker, founder of the non-profit association Project Rebirth.

Six months after the attacks, the man placed time-lapse cameras in the Ground Zero area, with the intent of following its transformation.

Il documentary, which is broadcast in the room every 15 minutes, traces the evolution of the site and is complete with interviews with people affected by the 11/XNUMX disaster.

Il 9/11 Tribute Museum

Opened in 2006, the 9/11 Tribute Museum (formerly called the Tribute Center) is located at the address 92 Greenwich Street and is in turn part of the 9/11 Memorial & Museum.

It is not a museum exhibition in the strict sense, and in this sense it differs from the 9/11 Museum (both deserve to be visited because of their differences).

This museum was born from a non-profit project, created and managed by the association of the victims' families, September 11th Families’ Association. The goal is to accomplish educational programs, share their personal experience with visitors and provide support to the “11/XNUMX community”.

The 9/11 Tribute Museum will offer you great inspiration, highlighting the exceptional spirit of service, fellowship and compassion that manifested after the attacks.

Tickets and timetables

Memorial

Access is free: you do not need to pay any ticket and you can enter every day from 10.00 to 17.00.

These times usually vary on the day of September 11th, dedicated to the commemoration.

The visit to the artificial pools is always exciting, but the best moment is that of sunset, when the square is less crowded.

9/11 Museum

I prices Tickets include access to all exhibitions and can be purchased up to 6 months in advance.

  • adults: $ 26
  • children ages 7 to 12: $ 15
  • 13-17 year olds: $ 20
  • from 65 years: $ 20
  • Family Pass: $82

For children under the age of 7, entry is free, but a ticket will also be guaranteed for them.

Remember that admission is included in pass per New York, with which you can save. Find more information on this page of our website: Which New York Pass is worth it.

Opening Hours of opening:

  • Thursday to Monday: 10.00 - 17.00 (closed Tuesday and Wednesday)

Last admission is allowed up to one hour before closing.

9/11 Tribute Museum

Ticket prices for the entrance to the gallery:

  • adults: $ 17
  • children ages 8 to 12: $ 7
  • from 60 years: $ 12

Slightly higher prices are expected for those wishing to carry out guided tours accompanied by survivors, rescuers, victims' families, civilian volunteers and Lower Manhattan residents. You can book on this site: Plan Your Visit To The 9/11 Tribute Museum.

Entry to the 9/11 Tribute Museum is also included with many passes (it's still a distinct attraction from the 9/11 Memorial & Museum).

Opening Hours:

  • From Wednesday to Saturday: 10.00 -17.00 (last admission at 16.30)
  • Sunday: 10.00 - 16.00 (last admission at 15.30)

Closing days: 11 September, Thanksgiving and 25 December.

One World Trade Center

Also known as Freedom Tower, the skyscraper One World Trade Center symbolizes the rebirth of the city of New York after the attacks.

1776 feet tall (number that recalls the year of the Declaration of independence), is another inevitable stop for those who are at Ground Zero.

You can find more information on this page: One World Trade Center Observatory.

The memorials outside New York

The 9/11 Memorial & Museum was designed to keep alive the memory of the people who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks of 2001 and 1993.

However, September 11 saw the disappearance of more people in the attacks on Pentagon and pennsylvania, and precisely to honor the memory of these victims that other memorials have been set up in the places near the crashes.

Flight 93 National Memorial

This permanent memorial is located in Pennsylvania and commemorates the crash of the United Airlines flight 93, one of the 4 hijacked flights on 11/XNUMX that failed to hit its target, probably the capital Washington.

The memorial is located exactly at Stonycreek Township, about 3 kilometers from Shanksville, where the plane actually crashed. The structure is named after the passengers and crew of the flight who, with their revolt, prevented the terrorists from reaching their intended target.

Opened in September 2015, the glass and concrete building houses a small museum in memory of the 40 victims while externally it can be observed a long white wall on which their names are engraved.

Outdoors you can also admire the Tower of Voices, recognizable by its shape of a long musical instrument. Instead, the exact point where the plane first touched the ground was affixed a large boulder.

National 9/11 Pentagon Memorial

This permanent open-air memorial is located southwest of the Pentagon in County Arlingtonin Virginia, and was inaugurated on September 11, 2008 (before the one in New York).

Built along one of the sides of the affected building, it is dedicated to 184 Guests who died in the Pentagon building and on the volo 77 dell’American Airlines.

At the entrance it is present a small tombstone in granite on which the time and date of the crash are engraved, 9:47 am on 11 September and a sentence in English that promises the victims not to forget them.

Along the perimeter of the memorial there are stylized benches lit from below and with a small amount of water below.

Each is dedicated to a victim and shows the name of the person, the job and the place of death.

The benches are arranged following the direction taken by the plane before hitting the Pentagon. Those for the passengers on the flight are oriented towards the building wall, those of those who worked at the Pentagon towards the direction of the impact.   


add a comment of 9/11 Memorial e Museum
Comment sent successfully! We will review it in the next few hours.