When you are talking about sites carved into the rock, most people immediately think of Petra in Jordan. Its fame is certainly justified by its beauty, but Petra is not the only monument carved into the rock. Many of you probably don't know, but there are many other spectacular rock carvings scattered around the globe, one of which is even found in Italy.! Here the most important and famousEtc.
- Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde in Colorado, USA
- Lycian Tombs in Dalyan, Turkey
- The Sassi of Matera, Italy
- Churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia
- City of Petra, Jordan
- Statues in the Longmen Grottoes, China
- Ellora, India
- Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, USA
- User questions and comments
1 - Cliff Palace of Mesa Verde in Colorado, USA
Il Mesa Verde National Park is located in Montezuma County, Colorado. Inside there is the Cliff palace, a huge agglomeration of buildings excavated by ancient Ancestral Peoples within a natural cavity in the canyon. Today the park is a site protected by Unesco.
2 - Lycian Tombs in Dalyan, Turkey
In the Licia, historical region of Asia Minor, precisely in the Dalyan area in Turkey, there are some rock-cut tombs. They were built by the Lici, an ancient people who lived in these places, subsequently passed from one conqueror to another with the alternation of historical periods.
3 - The stones of Matera, Italy
Even in Italy, precisely in the Basilicata region, there are some precious cave dwellings. THE Sassi of Matera constitute the historic center of the town, also known for being one of the oldest cities in the world.
4 - Churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia
Lalibela is a city in northeastern Ethiopia famous for its churches carved out of the rock. Is considered one of the holiest places in the nation. In total they are present thirteen churches dated to the th century AD.
5 - City of Petra, Jordan
Founded around 312 BC. from the people of Nabataeans, Petra is the most famous city carved into the rock as well as one of 7 wonders of the modern world.
In addition to the realization of the impressive sculptures, the Nabataeans were able to develop a system of cisterns, also obtained from the processing of stone, which were fundamental to allow them to live in an otherwise extremely arid arid place.
Among all the buildings present the most important is Al Khazneh - The Temple, whose architecture has a clear Hellenic influence.
6 - Statues in the Longmen Grottoes, China
Le Longmen Caves are home to tens of thousands (some estimate up to 100) of statues of Buddha and his disciples. They are carved into the rock walls of the caves of Mount Xiangshan in China. According to experts the first statues they were sculpted between 400 and 1100 AD., and the works were financed by religious groups and noble patrons.
7 - Ellora, India
Ellora is a major pilgrimage center, an Indian site it hosts the greatest heritage of structures engraved in stone. The site is packed with Hindu temples, Buddhists, Jain which date back to the inclusive period between the th and th centuries. The temples of Ellora have nothing to envy to the sculptures of Petra, although they do not enjoy the same fame as the latter.
8 - Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, USA
Il Monte Rushmore is an icon and symbol of America. The site has been repeatedly depicted in historical photos and images, comics and music record covers, framed in films and television series.
I carved faces by Gutzon Borglum with the help of the Italian carpenter Luigi Del Bianco, belong to four presidents from the United States: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt e Abraham Lincoln. The mountain takes its name from the person who financed the works: Charles Rushmore.