20 dream places to see before they disappear

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Lluis Enric Mayans
@lluisenricmayans
SOURCES CONSULTED:

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Our planet hosts some really amazing places, both from a naturalistic point of view and as regards human ingenuity. An ancient saying says "the only constant is change" and even the world is subject to continuous changes, since its formation: mass migrations, climate changes, natural disasters are just some of the main culprits of these transformations. Concerns about the environment are very current and heartfelt, the scientists who deal with them emphasize how these changes are happening, today, much faster than in the past.
There are numerous causes that contribute to endangering the environment: overpopulation and excessive urbanization, climate change and global warming, but also the political instability present in some states. In the following list we have grouped together some incredible places around the Earth that, perhaps, they will disappear forever due to these changes.



Index

  1. The Great Barrier Reef, Australia
  2. The Maldives
  3. Petra, Jordan
  4. Madagascar
  5. Venezia
  6. Dead Sea
  7. Glacier National Park, Montana, USA
  8. Seychelles
  9. Taj Mahal, India
  10. Galapagos, Ecuador
  11. The glaciers of the Alps
  12. Magdalen Islands, Quebec, Canada
  13. Alaska
  14. Timbuktu, Mali
  15. Congo Basin, Africa
  16. South Patagonian Ice Field, Argentina - Chile
  17. Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA
  18. Amazon rainforest, Brazil
  19. Miami, Florida, USA
  20. The Great Wall of China, China
  21. User questions and comments

1 - The Great Barrier Reef, Australia


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2030

Located off the coast of Australia, the Great Barrier Reef it is the largest and indisputably the most breathtaking of coral reefs in the world. Increased ocean acidification, pollution, cyclones, and water temperatures are causing a serious problem of coral discoloration.
More than half of the Great Barrier Reef has already disappeared in the past thirty years, but the rest of this natural beauty could be pulverized before 2030.



2 - The Maldives


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2120

It is known as the "lowest" nation in the world (over 80% of the 1.200 islands that make up the picturesque Maldives are less than a meter above sea level) and it is therefore no surprise that this group of islands is currently endangered by the rising waters of the globe's oceans.
The prospects have become so dire that the nation's president has announced that the federal government will begin a campaign to purchase land in other nations for the eventual relocation of all citizens. It is expected that within a century the Maldives will cease to have the conditions necessary to host human life.

3 - Petra, Jordan


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2100

At risk of disappearing is also one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. This place, Unesco Heritage, represents a unique archaeological testimony, the site is in fact entirely excavated in the rock and there are no adequate words to describe it.
Precisely the characteristic that makes it unique is the one that could be fatal: the tombs and temples made of sandstone, due to mass tourism which often also welcomes not exactly polite and respectful visitors risk to crumble.

4 - Madagascar


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2052

It is the fourth largest island in the world, which is also home to some of the richest tropical rainforests in the world, not to mention the numerous and unique wildlife, including lemurs and mongooses.
However, the ecosystem of this island it was destroyed by poaching, deforestation and fires. If serious and effective measures are not taken to safeguard this environment, the inhabitants of the island and its rainforests are expected to disappear in 35 years.



5 - Venice


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2200

The city of canals, gondolas and hundreds of bridges: Venice, the most beautiful city in Italy, is known for its waterways, but these could also represent the cause of its downfall.
Venice has been sinking for centuries already, but some evidence suggests that the process is accelerating: the city is sinking five times faster than previously thought!

6 - Dead Sea


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2150

The Dead Sea, famous for its salinity that allows you to float effortlessly, is on the verge of extinction. The sea, which is said to have healing properties, it regresses by about one meter every year. The cause is the scarcity of water that the Jordan River, the only one to flow here, brings to the Dead Sea. Neighboring countries draw on the river waters for various activities and no longer allow regular turnout. Right now the sea has lost a third of its water and a possible solution has not yet been planned.

7 - Glacier National Park, Montana, USA


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2020

In the 150th century, Glacier National Park in Montana featured more than 16.000 glaciers among the fabulous square miles of protected territory. To date, as witnessed by the park curators, only 25 active glaciers remain. Scientists studying this territory predict what current climate patterns could cause the retreat of all glaciers by 2020, which would cause the destruction of both flora and fauna which depend entirely on the extremely cold climate.



8 - Seychelles


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2070-2120

It is another series of troubled islands in the Indian Ocean. The Seychelles, like the Maldives, are a tropical paradise they are facing the danger of complete submersion.
Not only that, the problems of this area also include the erosion of the beaches and the destruction of corals. Experts say the Seychelles could go completely underwater in the next 50 to 100 years.

9 - Taj Mahal, India


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2030

In the locality of Angra, India, there is a truly majestic building, the famous Taj Mahal mausoleum. It is also part of the World Heritage Site, as well as the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Excessive pollution caused by the increasing urbanization of the area, as well as by intensive tourism, could make this building close to the public forever, whose white facades are becoming more and more opaque.

10 - Galapagos, Ecuador


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2200

The Galapagos archipelago consists of thirteen volcanic islands and is located in the Pacific Ocean. These islands are famous for having inspired Darwin with his famous theory of evolution, here there are in fact many species of animals that can only be admired in the archipelago. The uniqueness of these islands is endangered, as usual, from both terrestrial and marine pollution, the increase in water temperature e from the terrible illegal fishing. The fragile balances of this microcosm are seriously at risk.

11 - The glaciers of the Alps


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2100

Winter sports enthusiasts from all over the world will be sorry to know that their favorite "playground" it will likely disappear by 2100. Climate change and more specifically global warming are causing it rapid retreat of glaciers present there, above all because the heights of the peaks are lower than in other mountains.

12 - Magdalen Islands, Quebec, Canada


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2092

With their sandy beaches and sandstone cliffs, the Maddalena Islands are an enchanting place located in the Gulf of San Lorenzo. The archipelago is regularly hit by strong winds and, despite a wall of sea ice holding back some of the lashing, the island's coast currently it is crumbled about 12 meters per year. Even more troubling is the fact that the protective ice is rapidly melting. If the experts are right and the ice will completely melt within the next 75 years, the island's shores will be entirely vulnerable to the area's destructive storms.

13 - Alaska


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2200

The Alaskan tundra is one of the most distinctive features of the northernmost state of the United States. Still, climate change has resulted to the melting of the region's permafrost, which not only endangers infrastructure but drastically alters the ecosystem.

14 - Timbuktu, Mali


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2100

The city of Timbuktu appears to be destined to disappear due to desertification. It seems, in fact, that the sands of the Sahara desert are advancing at a rapid pace and will not only swallow Timbuktu but also many other cities. A pity: the site has an almost magical and mystical atmosphere, as in the past it served as a cultural and religious center.

15 - Congo Basin, Africa


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2040

The Congo Basin in Africa is the second largest rainforest in the world and is also one of the areas hosting the most biodiversity, with over 10.000 species of plants, 1.000 species of birds and 400 species of mammals. In recent years, the forest, which covers an area of ​​approximately 3.730.500 square kilometers, it quickly disappeared due to illegal mining. The United Nations also predicts that it can be completely extinct by 2040.

16 - South Patagonian Ice Field, Argentina - Chile


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2180

Like the largest glaciers in the world found in Antarctica and Greenland, the South Patagonian Ice Field, between Chile and Argentina, also suffers the effects of global warming and it is retreating at a shocking rate. Scientists have found that more than 90% of ice mountains are melting 100 times faster than at any other time in the past 300 years. In just 5 years, dozens of frozen lakes have already virtually disappeared.

17 - Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA


Prediction of Disappearance: no scientific prediction

The Grand Canyon was referred to as one of the 11 most endangered historic sites in the United States by the National Trust for Historic Preservation last year.
It has earned a spot on the list due to an increase in projects aimed at exploiting its resources, from mining uranium to building tourist resorts. These activities could lead to the destruction of significant portions of the Grand Canyon and its main water source, the Colorado River.

18 - Amazon Rainforest, Brazil


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2090

The rainforest called the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil covers more than 7 million square kilometers. Considered one of the main green lungs of the world, it also hosts rare animal species and a rich and varied vegetation.
A true natural wonder of the planet, were it not that, due to the continuous exploitation of its resources by man, a good part of it has already been cleared. Climate change and global warming risk putting an end to forest life.

19 - Miami, Florida, USA


Prediction of Disappearance: indicatively by 2100

No one would ever think that one of the main and best known American cities is in danger of disappearing, but it is. Miami, Florida is a vibrant and ever-expanding city, but despite everyone's efforts to combat global warming, this location is thought to it will sink below rising sea level. Scientists have determined that by 2100 the planet will be affected by a rise in oceans of about 4.3 - 9.9 meters and that this will lead to the submersion of numerous coastal cities, including Miami.

20 - The Great Wall of China, China


Prediction of Disappearance: no scientific prediction

It seems that even this immense construction, also famous for being even visible from the Moon, undergoes the passage of time, the effects of hydrogeological instability, pollution and, as always, incivility and local and tourist vandalism. According to the Great China Wall Association, in fact, what remains of the entire route (built around the 10th-90th century) is only % well preserved, while the remaining % would be at risk or would have already suffered irreversible damage.


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