14 Highest Mountains in the World

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Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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Have you ever wondered what they are the highest peaks on Earth? It is a question that children often ask themselves but which then fascinates adults. The first names that come to mind are always the same: Everest and K2. And then? Here is the list of 14 highest mountains in the world!

14 - Shishapangma, 8027 m

  • Geographic Location: China
  • First Ascent: May 2, 1964 by Hsu Ching, Chang Chun-yen, Wang Fuzhou, Chen San, Cheng Tien-liang, Wu Tsung-yue, Sodnam Doji, Migmar Trashi, Doji and Yonten.
  • First Winter Climb: 14 January 2005 by Piotr Morawski and Simone Moro

For years, the mountain has been inaccessible due to Chinese restrictions. In 2011 every record was broken, only (so to speak) 10 hours to get to the top. The feat is attributable to the Swiss mountaineer Ueli Steck.

13 - Gasherbrum II, 8035 m

  • Geographical location: Pakistan and China
  • First Ascent: 7 July 1956 by Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch and Hans Willenpart
  • First Winter Climb: February 2, 2011 by Simone Moro, Denis Urubko and Cory Richards

The mountain is considered one of the best in the world to start climbing all "8.000", or the 14 highest peaks in the world. This is due to its traced path that even allows you to get almost to the top in a Jeep allowing anyone to go up (and favoring any rescue). In winter the ice is so solid that the mountain is the safest of the 8.000.

12 - Broad Peak (K3), 8047 m

  • Geographical location: Pakistan and China
  • First Ascent: 9 June 1957 made by: Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt
  • First Winter Climb: March 5, 2013 by Maciej Berbeka, Adam Bielecki, Tomasz Kowalski and Artur Małek

Is called Broad Peak because the peak is very wide. It is a very difficult mountain, although not very high, because the snow is always very soft and the risk of avalanches is very high.

11 - Gasherbrum I, 8080 m

  • Geographical location: Pakistan and China
  • First Ascent: 5 July 1958 by Andrew Kauffman and Pete Schoening
  • First Winter Climb: 9 March 2012 by Adam Bielecki and Janusz Gołąb

Gasherbrum means "splendid peak". Gasherbrum was named K1856 in 5 by Thomas George Montgomerie when he first spotted the peaks of the Karakorum from more than 200km away. He actually named five: K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 where the K stood for Karakoram. Today, K1 is known as Masherbrum, K3 as Broad Peak, K4 as Gasherbrum II and K5 as Gasherbrum I.

10 - Annapurna, 8.091 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal
  • First Ascent: 3 June 1950 made by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal
  • First Winter Climb: February 3, 1987 by Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer

Every excursion, even the smallest one, starts from the city of Pokhara. Splendid citadel surrounded by green hills that are reflected in a mountain lake. Pokhara, thanks to hiking, has become very touristy and there are many travel agencies that will help you make a trekking route suitable for your legs.

9 - Nanga Parbat, 8.125m

  • Geographical location: Pakistan
  • First Ascent: 3 July 1953 by Hermann Buhl
  • First Winter Climb: 26 Feb 2016 by Simone Moro, Muhammad Ali Sadpara and Alex Txiko

The Italian mountaineer Moro has conquered the summit of Nanga Parbat in winter entering into history. In fact, he is the first ever to be able to climb the summit in winter. There were other climbers with him, but Moro was the first to plant the tricolor flag. The climb is recent, in fact the feat was completed on February 26, 2016.

8 - Manaslu, 8.156 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal
  • First Climb: 9 May 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu
  • First Winter Climb: 12 January 1984 by Maciej Berbeka and Ryszard Gajewski

The mountain Manaslu although lower than the previous ones, it is "famous" for its avalanches which over the years have left several climbers lifeless.
The tragedy that touched everyone's heart is that of 1972 in which 15 mountaineers died.
Unfortunately, this was repeated in 2012, in which 13 died including two Italians. For many, in fact, Manslu remains the most difficult peak, the one that touches the spirit precisely because of these tragedies ..

7 - Dhaulagiri, 8167 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal
  • First Ascent: 13 May 1960 made by Kurt Diemberger, Peter Diener, Nawang Dorje, Nima Dorje, Ernst Forrer and Albin Schelbert
  • First Winter Climb: January 21, 1985 by Andrzej Czok and Jerzy Kukuczka

In 2008 a group of climbers spotted large footprints on these peaks, and in Japan the news began that they were the abominable snowman, the Yeti. The Japanese newspapers reported as certain news that huge footprints of the Yeti had been found at 4.800 meters on the mountain Dhaulagiri. So expeditions started that lasted weeks to find the Yeti but as was expected it was not found.

6 - Cho Oyu, 8201 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal and China
  • First Ascent: 19 October 1954 by Joseph Joechler, Pasang Dawa Lama and Herbert Tichy
  • First Winter Climb 12 February 1985 by Maciej Berbeka and Maciej Pawlikowski

In September 2014 the flag of the 4 Moors flew on the summit; in fact the mountaineer Max Caria, Sardinian doc, has managed to conquer the summit of Cho oyu.

5 - Makalu, 8485 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal and China
  • First Ascent: May 15, 1955 by Jean Couzy and Lionel Terray
  • First Winter Climb 9 February 2009 by Simone Moro and Denis Urubko

Once again the record man Simone Moro has marked the history of mountaineering, even climbing Makalu, the 5th highest mountain in the world.

4 - Lhotse, 8516 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal and China
  • First Ascent: May 18, 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss
  • First Winter Climb 31 December 1988 Krzysztof Wielicki

The climb was done using six fields. First climbing on the Khumbu gravel and then on the northwest wall leading to the summit of Lhotse.

3 - Kangchenjunga, 8586 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal and India
  • First Ascent: May 21, 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown
  • First Winter Climb: 11 January 1986 by Krzysztof Wielicki and Jerzy Kukuczka

Considered the highest peak in the world until Everest and K2 were climbed only then it was found to be lower. Since then the Kangchenjunga it has become the scene of the exploits of the best mountaineers from all over the world, even if the mountain is still relatively unknown.

2 - K2, 8611 m

  • Geographical location: Pakistan and China
  • First Climb: July 31, 1954 by two Italians: Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli
  • First Winter Climb: the mountain has never been climbed in winter

It is called the mountain of the Italians precisely because two Italians were the first to climb it. The company also inspired the film "La Montagna degli Italiani".

1 - Everest, 8848 m

  • Geographical location: Nepal and China
  • First Ascent: May 29, 1953 by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay
  • First Winter Climb: 17 Feb 1980 by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy

L'Everest is part of the HIMALAYA chain. Before being able to climb it, several attempts were made between the first and second world war. The choice of the side to climb was mandatory, the southern side was in fact closed for political reasons.

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