10 Must See Things in Brasilia

Who I am
Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

Author and references

Capital of Brazil since 1960, Brasilia is a large modern city with palaces, museums, art galleries and interesting monuments.
It is a tourist destination that is often included in travel itineraries as a base of arrival or departure for other places in the country.
Here are the things not to miss!


  1. Metropolitan Cathedral
  2. JK Memorial
  3. Congress
  4. Dom Bosco Sanctuary
  5. Brasilia National Park
  6. National Museum
  7. National Library
  8. Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil
  9. Square dos Tres Poderes
  10. Palazzo do Itamaraty
  11. Plan your stay in Brasilia: info on flights, hotels and tours
  12. User questions and comments

1 - Metropolitan Cathedral

One of the main places of interest in Brasilia is the Metropolitan Cathedral designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer.
The structure is characterized by 16 concrete arches that they make it look like a big spaceship ready for take-off.

  • it is located in the Esplanada dos Ministerios. You can reach it on foot if you are nearby, by metro (central station, green and orange lines) or by bus (lines 7-11-24-32-103 and 104). Get directions
  • Monday to Sunday from 8:00 to 19:30
  • free

2 - Memorial JK

This memorial is an exhibition center founded to pay homage to President Juscelino and the Kubitschek family.
The structure consists of a tower 28 meters high and inside it, in addition to the mortuary of the deceased, are located several rooms with relics, photos, various objects and videos of the president's story are shown.

  • it is located in Praca do Cruzeiro. It can be reached by taxi from the center of Brasilia (20 minutes, R $ 50 / € 11,00) or by buses 109,124,151,168, 169 which stop right in front. Get directions
  • Monday to Sunday from 9:00 to 18:00
  • 10 R $, € 2,30

3 - National Congress

In Brasilia it is possible to visit the Congresso Nacional complex where the seats of the Chamber and the Senate. The structure, also designed by Oscar Niemeyer, consists of two 28-storey towers. Here you can admire the artistic works by Alfredo Ceschiatti, Athos Bulcão, Maria Bonomi and Di Cavalcante, as well as attending government sessions.

  • it is located in Praça dos 3 Poderes; buses 7-11-24-31-103-104-107 stop nearby. Get directions
  • every day by reservation only from 9:00 to 17:00
  • free

4 - Dom Bosco Sanctuary

This religious building is even more beautiful than the Cathedral and will leave you in awe. It is made up of 80 supporting concrete columns 7500 pieces of illuminated Murano glass to symbolize the celestial vault, in the center there is also a large chandelier weighing 2,5 tons which helps to make the sanctuary even brighter.

  • it is located at W3 Sul, Quadra 702 and can be reached by buses 6-7-23-30-32-35 which stop right in front. Get directions
  • every day from 7: 00 to 19: 00
  • free

5 - Brasilia National Park

In the northern outskirts of Brasilia is this park which extends for 30 square kilometers and is a quiet and pleasant place to spend a few hours. Consisting of natural pools where it is possible to swim, here they are different species of protected animals like armadillos, deer and maned wolf.

  • is located 10 km from the center of Brasilia. It can be reached via bus 128. Get directions
  • every day from 8:00 to 16:00; closed on Christmas and January 1st
  • 28 R $, € 6,40 approx

6 - National Museum

Not far from the Cathedral is this complex, also designed by the architect Niemeyer and inaugurated in 2006.
The building in the shape of a half dome is supported inside by columns suspended from the ceiling and set up inside temporary exhibitions of art and cultural events, courses, seminars and film exhibitions.

  • is located in Setor Cultural Sul, you can reach it alternatively with the green and orange metro line that stops at the Central station at 5 minutes on foot, or alternatively with buses 7-11-24-32-103 and 104. Get directions
  • Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 18:30
  • free

7 - National Library

Close to the National Museum and the Cathedral there is also this huge and beautiful Library dedicated to study and academic activities. Guided tours take place every 30 minutes and free of the structure.

  • on foot if you are in the cultural complex; with buses 7-11-24-32-103 and 104 or with the green or orange underground which stops at the Central Station. Get directions
  • Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 21:00, Saturday and Sunday from 9:00 to 18:00
  • free

8 - Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil

This is the largest and most important contemporary art museum in Brasilia; inside there are two art galleries with very interesting exhibitions, an arthouse cinema, a café and a bookshop.
In addition, monthly cultural activities are proposed that can be consulted on the official website and every day, every 90 minutes, a free bus (CCBB) runs through the Eixo Monumental.

  • it is located in SCES, Trecho, Conjunto 22 and can be reached from the cathedral area in 45 minutes by bus 103. Get directions
  • Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 21:00
  • free

9 - Piazza dos Tres Poderes

On this square there are monuments of extraordinary beauty, museums and federal buildings, as well as some important sculptures.
Every first Sunday of the month you can attend the flag changing ceremony largest of the city that flies on the Pavilhao Nacional.

  • If you are near the Cathedral and the Memorial you can walk, otherwise near the square there is the bus stop 31-103-109-518. Get directions.
  • always accessible
  • free

10 - Palazzo do Itamaraty

This Palace to visit absolutely in Brasilia is the seat of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as being one of the most prestigious buildings in the city. Outside a large pool where the numerous arches that characterize the structure are reflected and where there is a floating garden.

  • it is located near Piazza dos Tres Poderes and can be reached on foot if you are in this area. Alternatively, buses n.7-11-24-31-32-107 stop near the building. Get directions
  • the palace can be visited with guided tours from Monday to Friday from 14:00 pm to 16:30 pm; Saturday and Sunday from 10:00 to 11:30 and from 13:00 to 15:30.
  • "Free"

Plan your stay in Brasilia: info on flights, hotels and tours

L'Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira airport it is 11 Km from the center and can be reached by private transfer, taxi or bus 101 and 102 in about 40 minutes.

Brasilia is a Futristic city and compared to many other places in the country, it has rather high-category facilities and accommodation. There best area to stay it is in the quieter SHN sector (Setor Hoteleiro Norte), with hotels and restaurants of medium-high category.

To get around it is better to use buses or taxis (the city is not structured for walking) also because the streets have no names but are divided into numbered blocks, so at the beginning it is a bit difficult to find your way around.

  • starting from € 1.100 -
  • Hotel and b & b starting from € 55,00 per room -

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