10 more volcanoes Dangerous in the World

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Martí Micolau

wikipedia.org, lonelyplanet.com

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Since ancient times, men have been fascinated, intrigued and at the same time frightened by volcanoes. For this reason, many scholars, throughout history, have formulated theories on origins of these wonderful giants from enormous destructive capabilities.
Some peoples believed that volcanic eruptions were nothing more than divine manifestations and in the past several civilizations have been wiped out by the devastating power of volcanoes. There are many historical testimonies of exceptional eruptions which have contributed to increasing the terror that these enormous geological structures cause in us.
Today, hundreds of expert scientists constantly monitor the few volcanoes remained active to try to prevent, as far as possible, environmental disasters that they could even end the existence of our planet; Here is a ranking of the 10 most dangerous volcanoes in the world based on the volcanic explosivity index (VEI) and the frequency of eruptions!

10 - Soufrière Hills, Montserrat

This stratovolcano of 914 meters above sea level is located on the Caribbean island paradise of Monserrat once an important tourist destination. In 1995 the volcano literally has devastated Playmouth, the island's capital, remained submerged from several meters of debris.
Most of the population managed to escape, however about two thirds were forced to abandon their land permanently.

  • frequency of eruptions: monthly
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 3/8
  • classification: Vulcan eruption, catastrophic

9 - Vesuvius, Italy

Lo historic volcano which destroyed the cities of Pompeii ed Herculaneum in 79 AD it is placed in ninth position in the ranking.
The last recorded activity dates back to 1944, however it remains among the more dangerous also considering the fact that the one defined as "red zone", highly dangerous for pyroclastic phenomena, affects about 25 municipalities and 800 thousand people.

  • frequency of eruptions: between 10 and 100 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 5/8
  • classification: plinian eruption, paroxysmal

8 - Pinatubo, Philippines

This volcano has only recently come to the attention of the media. In fact, beforeviolent eruption of 1991 very few were aware of its existence. On that occasion 600 people lost their lives, but the casualties could have been many more had they not been able to clear the area in time.

  • frequency of eruptions: between 100 and 1.000 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 6/8
  • classification: krakatoian eruption, colossal

7 - Unzen, Japan

Unzen stands in the Nagasaki prefecture, and is known as the deadliest volcano in Japan. Today his business seems to be downsizing; however in 1792 a mammoth tsunami caused by one of its eruptions took the life of 15.000 people. Was a cataclysm of epochal proportions, so great that they earned him entry into this one top ten.

  • frequency of eruptions: weekly
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 2/8
  • classification: Strombolian eruption, explosive

6 - Etna, Italy

The volcano Etna is definitely among the most famous of Italy. It boasts well two firsts: active volcano largest in Europe and volcano with the longest eruption of the th century: we are talking, specifically, of the eruption that began in 1991 and even lasted 473 days.
One of the most devastating is that of 1669 which buried the city of Catania under the debris.

  • frequency of eruptions: daily
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 2/8
  • classification: Strombolian eruption, explosive

Below the video of one of the latest eruptions:

5 - Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia

The closer we get to first positions and the more the destructive capacity of the volcanoes present in the ranking grows.
Il Navado del Ruiz submerged the city ​​of Armero within 24 hours with the 1985 eruption that occurred later over a century of quiescence. Then Pope John Paul II celebrated a commemorative mass for 26.000 anime who perished.

  • frequency of eruptions: monthly
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 3/8
  • classification: Vulcan eruption, catastrophic

4 - La Pelee, Martinique

Il volcano of Martinique is famous foreruption of the 1902, during which 30.000 people died. The last period of activity dates back to 1929.
In that year, the well-known volcanologist Frank A. Perret, was the protagonist of a dangerous story: during the advancement of one burning cloud, remained closed in a hut; fortunately he managed to escape by tightening every crack and his experience it was fundamental to his subsequent research.

  • frequency of eruptions: between 1 year and 10 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 4/8
  • classification: sub-plinian eruption, cataclysm

3 - Krakatoa, Indonesia

On the lowest rung of the podium, Krakatoa currently holds a truly unique record: during the'eruption of the 1883, which caused the destruction of 165 villages (36.000 victims), a deafening roar, advised to over 5.000 km away: This is the loudest noise ever heard by man.

  • frequency of eruptions: between 100 and 1.000 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 6/8
  • classification: krakatoian eruption, colossal

2 - Tambora, Indonesia

In second place we find the Tambora volcano, known for its very high explosiveness index. In 1815, the eruption of the volcano caused the death of about 60.000 people, mainly due to the famine that followed the explosion. In fact, that year was called by historians "the year without summer": the grave climatic anomalies determined by the excessive presence of dust in the atmosphere definitely compromised the crops.

  • frequency of eruptions: between 1.000 and 10.000 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 7/8
  • classification: ultra-plinian eruption, super-colossal

1 - Yellowstone, United States

And the winner is ... la Caldera of Yellowstone. It is a real one supervolcano that, with a rash it could wipe humanity off the face of the earth.

In April 2014, a herd of bison fled the known National Yellowstone Park, located exactly above the caldera, following an earthquake; this caused further alarmism about a hypothetical future cataclysm.

  • periodicity of eruptions: over 10.000 years
  • Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 8/8
  • classification: mega-colossal eruption, with over 1.000 cubic meters of emitted material, a continuous emission of over 12 hours and an eruptive column height of over 20 km.

Curiosity: Marsili wakes up, the largest active volcano in Europe

Yes, gentlemen, recent studies have shown that the Marsili Volcano, located in the seabed of the Tyrrhenian Sea, has resumed its eruptive activity. This is certainly a disconcerting discovery given that it rightfully crowns the Marsili like the largest volcano in Europe still in activity, this thanks to its incredible size (70 km long, 30 km wide).

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